Why we are all family

Every Yindjibarndi person belongs to one of four Galharra (skin groups) – Banaga, Burungu, Balyirri or Garimarra.

Galahra Diagram
Galharra Diagram

A lot of business in the community follows people’s Galharra relationship to one another. Take our Birdarra Law ceremony for example, it is run by strict rules which guide everyone in the part they have to play during the ceremony. Each person understands their job by knowing their Galharra relationship to the boy going through the Law.

Our Galharra is the most important part of the Law passed to us by the Marrga during the learning times. A baby’s Galharra is decided by the Galharra of his or her parents and according to the Law there are special rules of marriage between Galharra groups.

Bidara Ceremony
Bidara Ceremony

A Banaga man must marry a Burungu woman and all their children are Balyirri. A Burungu man marries a Banaga woman and their children are Garimarra.

On the other side, Garimarra men must marry Balyirri women and their children are Burungu. Balyirri men marry Garimarra women and their children become Banaga.

Prickle - Hooley Station Field Trip
Prickle – Hooley Station Field Trip
Video: Wanggangaarra …  that which gives life.

All things in the world have Galharra – plants and animals, the stars, sun, wind and rain, all sacred sites and permanent pools belong to one of the four Galharra groups and are therefore in relationship to us in the same way as an uncle, cousin or parent.


Through our Galharra relationships, all Yindjibarndi are connected like an extended family, where with clear rules of respect and discipline. enables everyone to relate they can work out whether you are brother, auntie, cousin, nephew or whatever. If you don’t know your Galharra, then you’d be lost wherever you go.

Hands - Hooley Station Field trip
Hands – Hooley Station Field trip
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